List of Pre-Reading Material Provided to the Tribunal Members

CATEGORY TITLE DESCRIPTION/ PAGES TO VIEW DATE AUTHOR LINK
1.1 – Overview / Introduction “Organ Procurement and Extrajudicial Execution: A Summary of the Evidence” Overview Document. This document was provided to the Tribunal as a draft before publication. The introduction only is currently displayed for the public. The full article will be posted here after publication, early in 2019. 2018 Matthew Robertson  
1.2 – Introduction – Documentary Video Hard To Believe Documentary Hard to Believe is a multi-award winning documentary that examines the issue of forced live organ harvesting from Chinese prisoners of conscience, and the response-or lack of it-around the world. Includes interviews with numerous experts and investigators. Including interviews with Dr Enver Tohti and Prof Jacob Lavee.  (a free private link was provided for Tribunal members) 2015 Two-time Emmy Award winning director/producer, Ken Stone and Irene Silber Link
1.3 – Introduction – Video Medical Genocide – 10 min version (20 min version also available) A short documentary providing information on the ‘Update’ report released in 2016.   2017 China Organ Harvest Research Centre Link
1.4 – Investigation The Slaughter: Mass Killings, Organ Harvesting, and China’s Secret Solution to Its Dissident Problem 8 year investigation – includes extensive witness testimony and provides a comprehensive overview. “The inside story of China’s organ transplant business and its macabre connection with internment camps and killing fields for arrested dissidents, especially the adherents of Falun Gong.”    2014 Ethan Gutmann Link
1.5 – Investigation – Video “Harvested Alive: 10 Year Investigation” Harvested Alive – includes audios of a number of telephone investigations.  View Excerpts – 15 mins – Time codes to watch are:  7:00 to 8:55:    9:53 to 10:39:    11:19 to 12:03:  37:26 to 47:00;   56:43 to 58:42;   2017 Deer Park Productions Link (scroll down on this page)
1.6 – Investigation A Hospital Built for Murder Investigative report – An in-depth analysis of the transplant volume of Tianjin First Central Hospital, the self-proclaimed largest transplant center in Asia. The center is located in Tianjin city, about 100 miles southeast of Beijing.   2016 Matthew Robertson Link
1.7 – Investigation “An Update” to Bloody Harvest and The Slaughter  65 pages of essential reading submitted. (The remainder of the 680 pg report to be used as a reference document.)
Volume Indicators section includes explanation of: Media reports, hospital reports on volume, multiple transplant for the same patient, multiple transplants conducted simultaneously, short waiting times for organs, all types of transplants, experience of transplant patients, donors seeking recipients, high bed utilization waiting for beds, capacity expansion, overworked doctors and nurses, continued growth since 2006.  State Crime section includes a few examples of phone call evidence – audios also available. (Additional phone call examples are in Bloody Harvest, WOIPFG report and the documentary Harvested Alive: 10 Year Investigation.)   View the full report online to see the number of transplant facilities in China.                EXCERPTS  (72 pages) –                        ‘Volume Indicators’ – p 279 – 318;  Wang Lijun’s Human Body Experiments p 387 – 391;  ‘A State Crime’ p.400 – 423; Closing Recommendations/Conclusions p. 428 – 434   (For examples of two hospitals see People’s Liberation Army No ‘309’ Hospital p.24 – 26; Shanghai Changzheng Hospital Affiliated with the Second Military Medical University p. 34 -35) 
2016 David Kilgour, David Matas and Ethan Gutmann Link
1.8 – Documentary Investigation – Video South Korean Documentary “The dark side of transplant tourism in China: killing to live”   The “Investigative Report 7” team traveled to an unnamed hospital in Tianjin, China with the medical documents of a Korean man in need of a kidney to inquire about obtaining an organ for him. With hidden cameras they interviewed the head nurse and an elderly Korean patient who was recovering from a recent transplant operation.  This documentary shows that organs are still readily available in China for transplant tourists with very short waiting times.    EXCERPTS- 14 mins – Interview with Korean transplant patient 1:44 to 2:30;   Nurse explains availability of organs for Koreans 9:50 to 18:15 2017 TV Chosun  Link
1.9 – Journal Article Cold Genocide: Falun Gong In China In particular, the article demonstrates that the eradication campaign against Falun Gong is distinguishable as a cold genocide as it is: (1) multi-dimensional – the destruction of Falun Gong Practitioners is not only physical but psychological, social and spiritual; (2) subtle in terms of visibility; and it is (3) normalized in the society in which it takes place.  INCLUDES: information on the 610 office. Including: “The 610 Office is the primary entity responsible for organizing the eradication campaign against Falun Gong. The 610 Office operates extra-judicially; it is not an organ of the Chinese State, but rather of the Chinese Communist Party. The 610 Office directs all levels of State institutions including the judiciary, the civil service, business and education. It has overarching power and authority over all other Party entities and all State bodies. All State agencies and all other Party agencies have to comply with the 610 Office’s directives and orders.”    2018 Cheung, Maria; Trey, Torsten; Matas, David; and An, Richard Link
1.10 – Investigation Bloody Harvest: The Killing of Falun Gong for their Organs The first investigation that took place in 2006.  2006; book 2009 David Matas, David Kilgour Link
1.11 – Journal Article Excerpt State Organised Forced Organ Harvesting Journal article (p.1 – 10) An overview of organ harvesting in China. Provides information on the Ethical Guidelines in Transplant Medicine, an overview of organ trafficking, an explanation on the difference between ‘black market’ and ‘state organised’ organ trafficking in China.  EXCERPT – pages 1 – 10 2017 David Matas and Dr Torsten Trey Link
1.12 – Report, analysis Profiles on Chinese surgeons/officials:  Zheng Shusen, Huang Jiefu, Shen zhongyang, Chen jingyu Backgrounders on Chinese surgeons/officials implicated in forced organ harvesting.  All – 8 A4 pages 2018 Various document to be uploaded soon
CATEGORY 2: PUBLISHED REPORTS        
2.1. Report-NGO  Transplant Abuse Continues in China Despite Claims of Reform See Foreword, Introduction, and Chapter IX (the final chapter, from p. 164) for comment on recent developments. See the Overview (pp. 11-22) for a brief summary. 2018 Grace Yin et al. Link
2.2 Report – US Government U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF) Report This 2018 report by the US Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF) documents ongoing persecution of Falun Gong practitioners, and discusses the Vatican summit including statements made by Huang Jiefu (page 34) 2018 USCIRF Link
2.3 Report -NGO Religious Revival, Repression, and Resistance under Xi Jinping: The Battle for China’s Spirit.  Page 21: General reference to organ harvesting from prisoners of conscience SectionV (pp. 109-135,) describes the status of the persecution of the practice and its scale and significance. Estimates of 20+ million Falun Gong in China. There is also some corroborative points on organ harvesting and a piece of new evidence. 2017 Sarah Cook – Freedom House Link
2.4. Report – UK Political Organisation Forced Organ Harvesting in China A general summary of the evidence and third party reporting on the issue. 2016 UK Conservative Party Human Rights Commission Link
2.5 Report – UK Political Organisation The darkest moment: The crackdown on human rights in China 2013-16 A compilation of human rights abuses in China with a section on organ harvesting. 2016 UK Conservative Party Human Rights Commission Link
2.6 Congressional Inquiry/ Testimonies Organ Harvesting: An Examination of a Brutal Practice Lengthy testimony to US Congress by researchers and Dr. Francis Delmonico. For a guide to this episode, see “At Congressional Hearing, China’s Organ Harvesting Seen Through Rose-Colored Glasses”, Matthew Robertson, The Epoch Times (https://www.theepochtimes.com/at-congressional-hearing-chinas-organ-harvesting-seen-through-rose-colored-glasses_2103475.html also listed below) 2016 US Committee on Foreign Affairs Joint Hearing Link
2.7 Report – NGO China: The crackdown on Falun Gong and other so-called “heretical organizations” General background/reference material. This was one of the earliest pieces of human rights reporting on the anti-Falun Gong campaign. 2000 Amnesty International Link
2.8 Report – UN Concluding observations of the Committee against Torture This UNCAT report considers allegations presented to the Special Rapporteur on Torture regarding the increase in organ transplant operations coinciding with “the beginning of the persecution of [Falun Gong practitioners]” and calls upon the State party to immediately conduct or commission an independent investigation of the claims that some Falun Gong practitioners have been subjected to torture and used for organ transplants and take measures, as appropriate, to ensure that those responsible for such abuses are prosecuted and punished. 2008 United Nations Committee Against Torture Link
2.9 Report – UN Report of the Special Rapporteur on Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, Manfred Nowak  Excerpts from Manfred Nowak’s key report on the anti-Falun Gong campaign and the extent of torture and other abuses. Includes references to organ harvesting.  2006 Manfred Nowak Link
2.10 Report – UN Report of the Special Rapporteur on Extrajudicial, Summary or Arbitrary Executions pp. 63-68 have some deaths of Falun Gong in custody 2009 Philip Alston Link
2.11 Report – US Government US Congressional – Executive Commission on China Annual Report General background/reference material 2016 US Congressional Link
2.12 Report – NGO The Origins and Long-Term Consequences of the Communist Party’s Campaign against Falun Gong General background/reference material 2012 Sarah Cook Link
2.13 Report – NGO Amnesty International Human Rights Report 2016/2017 General summary of human rights issues around the world. 2017 Amnesty International Link
2.14 Report-UK Political Organisation Human Rights Report on Persecution of Falun Gong in China 2013-2016  Summary of statistics in the anti-Falun Gong campaign gathered on Minghui 2016 UK Conservative Party Human Rights Commission Link
2.15 Report – NGO Human Rights in China: Part 3; Part 4 General background/reference material 2016 Gao Zhisheng Link
CATEGORY 3: PUBLISHED RESEARCH AND EXPERT STATEMENTS      
3.1 Additional reporting / NGO submission Canadian Magnitsky Act Submission Profiles of a number of key individuals involved in the anti-Falun Gong campaign and organ transplantation in China, prepared by the Falun Dafa Association of Canada in their submission on the Canadian Magnitsky Act 2018 Falun Dafa Association of Canada (with one profile prepared by Matthew Robertson included) Link
3.2 Additional reporting / research (documentary) Who To Believe? Discovery: China’s Organ Transplants  Episode 1 of 2 Part 1 of a recent BBC radio documentary on the topic containing relevant witness testimony. 2018 Matthew Hill, Discovery Link
3.3 Additional reporting / research (documentary) Tourism and Transparency Discovery China’s Organ Transplants  Episode 2 of 2 Part 2 of a recent BBC radio documentary on the topic containing relevant witness testimony. Interviews with Huang Jiefu and Prof Jeremy Chapman. Prof Wendy Rogers explains the Liver International retraction.  2018 Matthew Hill, Discovery Link
3.4 Additional reporting / published research  State Organs: Transplant Abuse in China An important compilation of essays on the topic. 2012 David Matas & Torsten Trey ISBN: 9781 9270 79119
3.5 Additional reporting / research – peer reviewed Transplant Medicine in China: Need for Transparency and International Scrutiny Remains A critical analysis of the debate on China’s claims of reform within the mainstream transplant profession, published in the leading international transplantation journal. 2016 T.Tray, A.Sharif, A.Schwarz, M. Fiatarone Singh, J Lavee Link
3.6 Additional reporting / research – peer reviewed Engaging with China on organ transplantation Peer-reviewed editorial reporting on Huang Jiefu’s call for two spare livers  2017 W Rogers, M Robertson, J Lavee Link
3.7 Additional reporting / research – peer reviewed Cold genocide: Falun Gong in China Paper  arguing that the eradication campaign against Falun Gong is a cold genocide as it is: (1) multi-dimensional; (2) subtle in terms of
 visibility; and (3) normalized in the society in which it takes place.
2018 M Cheung, T Trey, D Matas, R An Link
3.8 Additional reporting / research – peer reviewed Smoke and Mirrors: Unanswered questions and misleading statements obscure the truth about organ sources in China General commentary on Chinese official lack of transparency on the issue 2016 W. Rogers, T. Trey, M. Fiatarone Singh, M. Bridgett, K. Bramstedt, J. Lavee Link
3.9 Additional reporting / research – peer reviewed Engaging with China on organ transplantation Argument about the need for more robust engagement with Chinese officials on organ sourcing practices 2017 Wendy Rogers, Matthew Robertson, Jacob Lavee Link
3.10 Additional reporting / research – peer reviewed Papers based on data concerning organs from executed prisoners should not be published Letter calling for retraction of research by Zheng Shusen 2016 Wendy A. Rogers, Maria A. Fiatarone Singh and Jacob Lavee Link
3.11 Additional reporting / research – peer reviewed Papers based on data concerning organs from executed prisoners should not be published: Response to Zheng and Yan Follow-up letter arguing that Zheng and his colleague’s response raised more questions than it answered and failed to demonstrate the ethical origin of the organs in his publication (which was eventually retracted) 2016 Weny Rogers, Jacob Lavee (research by Matthew Robertson) Link
3.12 Additional reporting / research / academic dissertation Genocide in the People’s Republic of China: Violations of international criminal law in the suppression of Falun Gong Argument and analysis using a framework of international law that the CCP campaign against Falun Gong constitutes a genocide. 2017 Caylan Ford Link
3.13 Additional reporting / expert statement The Party and the Profession: Organ Transplant Abuse in China Summary of the history of interactions between Western transplant professionals and Chinese officials on the transplant question. 2017 David Matas Link
3.14 Additional reporting / expert statement Organ sourcing in China: The official version An analysis of the debate on China’s claims of reform within the mainstream transplant profession . 2015 David Matas Link
3.15 Additional reporting / expert statement Learning about the Communist Party of China General background/reference material 2017 David Matas Link
3.16 Additional reporting / expert statement WUC President speaks on organ harvesting at roundtable in the UK Parliament General background/reference material. Relevant for considering the potential exploitation of Uyghurs as an organ source. 2017 Dolkun Isa Link
3.17   Additional reporting /  statement to US got’v committee Statement of the Hon. Frank R. Wolf, a Representative in Congress from the State of Virginia Testimony Before the Subcommittee on Trade of the House Committee on Ways and Means Hearing on Renewal of Normal Trade Relations with China Contains testimony by Wang Guoqi, former doctor at a Chinese PLA hospital  recounting his involvement in removing skin from the bodies of executed prisoners. see pp. 13-15 2001 Frank Wolf Link
3.18 Additional reporting / expert statement Human Rights in China: Part 3; Part 4 General background/reference material 2016 Gao Zhisheng Link
3.19 Additional reporting / research (documentary) Human Harvest A documentary on the topic that won the prestigious Peabody Award. (Note: the sequence of the guard has been edited slightly out of sequence.)  2015 Leon Lee Link
3.20 Additional reporting / expert statement Independent Tribunal into Forced Organ Harvesting of Prisoners of Conscience in China: Why the focus on prisoners of conscience Remarks by David Matas on the need for a focus on prisoners of conscience as organ sources 2018 David Matas Link
CATEGORY 4: STATEMENTS AND POLICY OF TRANSPLANT COMMUNITY      
4.1 Statements and / or policy of international transplant community TTS Ethics Committee Policy Statement: Chinese Transplantation Program First official statement by TTS in relation to organ harvesting from prisoners in China 2006 TTS Ethics Committee Link
4.2 Statements and / or policy of international transplant community TTS Interactions with China – July 31, 2016 The official position of TTS (updated) on organ transplantation in China question.  2016 Dr. Phillip J. O’Connell Link
4.3 Statements and / or policy of international transplant community members Congressional testimony by F Delmonico Offers a clear summary of the official TTS stance and relations with China, delivered to Congress by Dr Frances Delmonico in 2016.   2016 Dr. Francis Delmonico Link
4.4 Statements and / or policy of international transplant community members Dr Frances Delmonico’s response to questions by Congress, plus his testimony Short extract of  supplementary comments by Dr Frances Delmonico (in response to Congressional questions, in 2016) 2016 Dr. Francis Delmonico Link
CATEGORY 5: MEDIA AND BLOGS        
5.1 Media and blogs China’s Organ Transplant Problem A general summary of the argument of extrajudicial organ sourcing in China.  2017 Dr Jacob Lavee & Matthew Robertson Link
5.2 Media and blogs China’s Semantic Trick with Prisoner Organs Analysis of China’s claims of transplant reform 2015 Kirk C Allison, Norbert W Paul, Michael E Shapiro, Charl Els, and Huige Li. Link
5.3 Media and blogs Debate flares over China’s inclusion at Vatican organ trafficking meeting Reporting of concerns about Chinese involvement in the Vatican’s 2017 organ trafficking meeting  2017 Didi Kirsten Tatlow Link
5.4 Media and blogs At Congressional Hearing, China’s Organ Harvesting Seen Through Rose-Colored Glasses Summary of the key points and ideas in the 2016 congressional session following release of The Update, by Kilgour, Matas and Gutmann 2016 Matthew Robertson Link
5.5 Media and blogs Acrimony Mars Transplant Conference in Hong Kong The 2016 TTS conference in Hong Kong was a controversial event; the first TTS conference after China’s claim of reform in 2015, where hundreds of Chinese surgeons were present  2016 Matthew Robertson Link
5.6 Media and blogs A Transplant Conference Plays Host to China, and Its Surgeons Accused of Killing Article presenting evidence about complicity and ignorance on the part of TTS about transplant abuse in China 2016 Matthew Robertson Link
5.7 Media and blogs Call for correction to Washington Post article Response to the Simon Denyer/Washington Post article. Denyer claimed the evidence of high transplant volumes in China is based on flawed assumptions; this assumption is rebutted in this article. 2017 Multiple Link
5.8 Media and blogs “A Darkly Sinister Accusation” – response to Washington Post article by Ethan Gutmann Gutmann’s rebuttal of Simon Denyer’s Washington Post article, together with a detailed history of interaction between the international transplant professionals and China’s organ transplant officials.  2017 Ethan Gutmann Link
5.9 Media and blogs / Official China media source Various A compilation of relevant comments made by Chinese officials, and some TTS and WHO officials 2015- 2018 Various Link
CATEGORY 6: PERSECUTION OF UYGHURS        
6.1 Persecution of Uyghurs “Eradicating Ideological Viruses”
China’s Campaign of Repression Against Xinjiang’s Muslims
Summary of a report that presents new evidence of the Chinese government’s mass arbitrary detention, torture, and mistreatment of Turkic Muslims in Xinjiang 2018 Human Rights Watch Link
6.2 Persecution of Uyghurs China: Police DNA Database Threatens Privacy General background/reference material 2017 Human Rights Watch Link
6.3 Persecution of Uyghurs Uyghurs Forced to Undergo Medical Exams, DNA Sampling General background/reference material. Relevant for considering the potential exploitation of Uyghurs as an organ source. 2017 Eset Sulayman, Gulchehra Hoja, and Jilil Kashgary Link
6.4 Persecution of Uyghurs China: Minority Region Collects DNA From Millions General background/reference material. Relevant for considering the potential exploitation of Uyghurs as an organ source. 2017 Human Rights Watch Link
6.5 Persecution of Uyghurs Xinjiang Authorities Secretly Transferring Uyghur Detainees to Jails Throughout China Recent media report of mass movements of Uyghur detainees around prisons in China 2018   Link
CATEGORY 7: OFFICIAL STATEMENTS        
7.1 Official statements / Government  EU Resolution European Parliament resolution condemning forced organ harvesting of prisoners of conscience 2013 European Parliament Link
7.2 Official statements  / Government Written declaration on stopping organ harvesting from prisoners of conscience in China An EP declaration against organ harvesting in China. 2016 European Parliament Link
7.3 Official statements  / Government H.Res.343 — 114th Congress (2015-2016) A Congressional resolution against organ harvesting in China. 2016 Representative Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Link
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